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Learning English From Movie “He’s Just Not That Into You” 24/10/2010

Filed under: Knowledge — hifni1985 @ 4:15 pm
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GIGI (V.O.)
I have a theory about how this all started…

 
Tenses : Simple Present Tense
Subject + Verb 1 + Object
I + have + a theory
Dalam Simple Present Tense, verb yang digunakan adalah bentuk dasar (Verb 1)
“About how this all started” = adjective clause.
 
 

LITTLE GIRL
Why did you do that?

 

Tenses : Simple Past Tense
Subject + Verb 2 + Object
Bentuk Tanya
Question Word + Auxiliary + Subject + Verb 1 + Object
Why + did + you + do + that
 
 

LITTLE BOY
Because you smell like dog poo.

 

Tenses : Simple Past Tense
Subject + Verb 2 + Adverb
You + smell + like dog poo
 
 

LITTLE BOY (CONT’D)
You’re so stupid just like dog poo! You’re made of poo!

 
Tenses : Simple Present Tense
Subject + Tobe + Adjective + Adverb
You + are + so stupid + just like dog poo
“So stupid” terdiri dari adverb so yang menjelaskan adjective stupid.
 
Bentuk Pasif
Subject + Tobe + Verb 3 + Object
You + are + made of + poo
 
 

LITTLE GIRL
Made. (SOB) Of. (SOB) Dog. (SOB) Poo.

 

MOM
Honey, do you know why that little boy did those things? And said those things?

 
Tenses : Simple Present Tense
Subject + Verb 1 + Object
Bentuk Tanya
Auxiliary + Subject + Verb 1 + Object
Do + you + know + why that little boy did those things
 
Object diatas berupa noun clause, yaitu klausa yang berperan sebagai noun. Klausa sendiri terdiri dari susunan kalimat lengkap dan bisa berupa tenses apa saja tergantung waktu.
Klausa “why that little boy did those things” memiliki tenses simple past tense (karena terjadi di masa lampau) dan bentuk kalimat positif, yaitu
Subject + Verb 2 + Object
That little boy + did + those things
 
Bedakan dengan kalimat utuh di bawah ini.
why did that little boy do those things?
Berbeda dengan kalimat utuh, karena posisinya sebagai klausa, bentuk kalimat harus positif atau negative, tidak boleh bentuk tanya.
 
“And said those things” merupakan kelanjutan dari klausa “why that little boy did those things”. Klausa lengkapnya adalah
“why that little boy did those things and said those things”.
 
 

MOM (CONT’D)
Because he LIKES YOU.

 
Tenses : Simple Present Tense
Subject + Verb 1 + Object
He + likes + you
Perhatikan verb diatas merupakan bentuk dasar like + s, ini dikarenakan subject he merupakan orang ketiga tunggal (sendiri). Aturan ini berlaku di Simple Present Tense. Contoh subjek orang ketiga tunggal yaitu he, she, it, dan nama-nama yang sendiri/tunggal.
 
 

GIGI (V.O.)
Uh – excuse me — but what – the – HELL?
Where did that rumor start? Because moms have been spreading it for years.

 
Tenses : Simple Past Tense
Subject + Verb 2 + Object
Bentuk Tanya
Question Word + Auxiliary + Subject + Verb 1
Where + did + that rumor + start
 
Tenses : Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Subject + Have/has + Tobe + Verb ing + Object + Adverb
Moms + have + been + spreading + it + for years
 
 

MOM
That little boy is doing those terrible things because he HAS A CRUSH ON YOU.

 
Tenses : Present Continuous Tense
Subject + Tobe + Verb ing + Object
That little boy + is + doing + those terrible things
 
Tenses : Simple Present Tense
Subject + Verb 1 + Object
he + HAS + A CRUSH ON YOU
 
 

GIGI (V.O.)
Do you understand what this means?
We are all encouraged to believe that if a guy acts like a total jerk — that means
he likes you.
Sure, that’s a lesson that might serve us as five years old, but
many of us keep believing this advice well into adulthood.

 
Tenses : Simple Present Tense
Subject + Verb 1 + Object
Bentuk Tanya
Auxiliary + Subject + Verb 1 + Object
Do + you + understand + what this means
 
Bentuk Pasif
Subject + Tobe + Verb 3 + Object
We all + are + encouraged + to believe
Bentuk object “to believe” adalah to infinitive yang berfungsi sebagai noun.
To infinitive (To + Verb 1) adalah salah satu cara mengubah kata kerja menjadi noun agar bisa berfungsi sebagai object ataupun subject. Cara lainnya adalah gerund (Verb + ing).
 
Bentuk Pengandaian
Ada 3 bentuk pengandaian, salah satunya adalah bentuk present. Kalimat-I setelah if dalam bentuk simple present tense, dan kalimat-II dalam bentuk simple present tense atau simple future tense.
Pola kalimat di bawah ini : If present, present
If + Subj + Verb 1 + Obj/Adv, Subj 2 + Verb 1 + Obj 2
If + a guy + acts + like a total jerk, that + means + he likes you
Noun Clause “he likes you” berfungsi sebagai object.
 
Kalimat Majemuk
That’s a lesson that might serve us as five years old.
Bentuk kalimat di atas sebenarnya terdiri dari 2 kalimat,
(I) That is a lesson.
(II) A lesson might serve us as five years old.
Karena kedua kalimat sama-sama memiliki kata a lesson, maka dapat digabung dengan kata penghubung that. Kata penghubung that bisa digunakan untuk semua penggabungan.
Namun, sebenarnya kata penghubung dipilih berdasarkan jenis kata dan posisi. That di kalimat itu menggabungkan object bukan manusia yang dimana pada kalimat kedua, berfungsi sebagai subject. Kata penghubung lain yang perlu penekanan jenis dan posisi yaitu, who, which, whom, which, whose.
 
Tenses : Simple Present Tense
Subject + Verb 1 + Object + Adverb
many of us + keep believing + this advice + well into adulthood
 
~~ To Be Continued ~~
 
****Keterangan :
 
Subject = Subjek (pelaku)
Verb = Kata kerja
Tobe = Kata kerja
Auxiliary = Kata kerja bantu
Object = Objek
Adjective = Kata sifat
Adverb = Kata keterangan
Noun = Kata benda

 

Disclaimer: Picture is not mine, all rights belong to the owner.

 

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